JAKARTA, Indonesia — The 1st officer told the captain that he had been referred to as at 4 a.m. and explained to to function the flight, which was not on his initial plan. The captain replied that he had the flu. He coughed 15 times in the hour before takeoff.

So started Lion Air Flight 610, which crashed into the Java Sea 13 minutes right after taking off from Jakarta, Indonesia’s money, a yr back, killing all 189 men and women aboard.

The pilots, just one harried and a single unwell, could not know that they ended up in an untenable scenario: They experienced been handed a aircraft that international investigators now say experienced a lethal style difficulty.

Their discussion was described in Indonesian investigators’ closing report on the crash, which was produced on Friday. It blamed a mixture of aspects for the catastrophe, which include systematic style and design flaws in the Boeing 737 Max that have been compounded by maintenance difficulties and lapses on the component of the flight crew.

Nurcahyo Utomo, an investigator for the Indonesian National Transportation Safety Committee, listed what he said ended up nine contributing variables, such as an automatic system’s reliance on a single sensor the miscalibration of that sensor for the duration of repairs a absence of flight and servicing documentation and a failure by the flight crew to handle the chaos in the cockpit as unexpected emergency warnings sounded.

“The nine components have to happen jointly,” Mr. Nurcahyo reported at a news conference in Jakarta. “If a single of all those nine contributing components did not transpire, the crash would not have occurred.”

Considerably less than five months after the Oct. 29 crash, an additional 737 Max went down in Ethiopia, killing 157 people today. Malfunctions of the automated technique, termed MCAS, sent equally the Lion Air plane and that Ethiopian Airways aircraft, Flight 302, into nose dives from which they did not get well.

Boeing has been shaken by the disaster more than the 737 Max, its best-offering jet, which has been grounded given that March and is remaining investigated by regulators around the globe. The company’s gains, which have been released this week, fell by approximately half in the 3rd quarter.

Previous month, the Nationwide Transportation Security Board in the United States discovered that Boeing experienced underestimated what form of effect a malfunction of the MCAS technique, which can instantly push the plane’s nose down, could have on the cockpit natural environment.

A multiagency report in the United States located that Boeing had not sufficiently explained to federal regulators how the procedure worked, and that the Federal Aviation Administration had relied on the corporation to examine the know-how.

The Indonesian report called for improved F.A.A. oversight of how new plane are qualified.

“We welcome the suggestions from this report and will cautiously contemplate these and all other tips as we continue our assessment of the proposed alterations to the Boeing 737 Max,” the F.A.A. claimed in a statement.

Latief Nurbana, whose 24-year-outdated son was killed in the Lion Air crash, stated the report strengthened his belief that both Boeing and the F.A.A. bore obligation.

“My response as a victim’s loved ones member, as a father: As we have suspected because the starting, this incident was induced by two establishments,” he stated.

But the report discovered issues in other places, also.

The Lion Air airplane had been in procedure for just two months, and experienced four recorded troubles in the months just before the crash. On a flight the day just before the crash, pilots experienced been ready to correct a similar difficulty with the plane’s automated anti-stall procedure.

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